“Francesca could not socialize with others and at school her shyness problems were an obstacle in queries. Teachers understood that the little girl was prepared, but it was difficult to assess because she always answered with a few words and with a whisper.
At Frequenza200 center we worked on his self-esteem, music, art and theater workshops allowed her to express his discomfort with an alternative communication. Month after month Francesca has become increasingly open to dialogue
His promotion to the second class of the middle school is a very important milestone, his joy is the joy of us operators of Frequenza200 centers. Every day we help many children to build a better future.”
The situation in Italy
Italy is the 8th largest economy in the world, is a country with an high standard of living and a development index ranking 27th out of 188 countries. (UNDP, Human development report 2015). However, in spite of such high standard, our country must unfortunately fight against two phenomenon like school drop-out and violence against women.
School drop out
Economic crisis has caused an increase in number of poor people in Italy. In 2007 they were 2.4 million i.e. 4.1% of the population, while the last available data related to 2016 (ISTAT and Eurostat) shows that 1.47 million of families live in conditions of extreme poverty , which means 4.102 million people i.e. 6.8% of all the population of the country.
Boys and girls who are living in material, formative and educational poverty are one million.
Italy is the worst European country as regards rate of young people not in employment, education, training (the so-called NEET) and one of the first as regards school drop out , phenomenon concerning girls/boys and teenagers aged between 6 and 17 years , mostly living in southern regions and islands and outskirts of big cities. Phenomenon fuelling bullying, violence, petty crime and social exclusion.
In Italy about 15% of boys and girls does not keep studying after the 8th grade or after a two years professional course ( the drop-out rate is 20.2% of boys and 13.7% of girls , a negative result in comparison with the European average of 13.6% boys and 10.2% girls). The 2020 European target is the reduction of the drop-out rate below 10%.
For these reasons we have started the project FREQUENZA200 to prevent and fight the school drop-out and to promote quality educational opportunities for all boys and girls (As per objective number 4 of the Sustainable development Objectives 2030)
Violence against women
Violence against women is a major social problem. World Health Organization indicates that one woman out of 3 is hit by some kind of violence: physical, sexual, economical or psychological. In Italy more than 6 million women (source ISTAT,2015) have suffered some kind of violence. The number of women fearing for their life has grown from 18% in 2006 to 34% of 2014. 10.6% of women have suffered violence before their 16th birthday . The rate of sons who have witnessed violence against mother has grown from 60.3% in 2006 to 65.2% in 2014).
Every year 120 women are killed by their husbands, partners, brothers, fathers. Domestic violence is not a private matter: every year Italy spends about 17 milliards euros on social and economic costs caused by violence against women (see the survey How much costs the silence ?) The violence is caused by the lack of equal opportunities for women and men and stereotyping of women’s and men’s roles deeply embedded in our culture that we have to tackle and resolve ( one out of five young men aged between 18 and 29 years thinks it normal that a betrayed man gets so angry to become violent; survey Rosa shocking2 of WeWorld and IPSOS)
For these reasons we promote campaigns to raise awareness, concrete actions to help women, children and girls victim of violence (programs “SOStegno Donna” and “Spazi Donna”) and political lobbying to change situation (As per Objective number 5 of United Nations Sustainable Development Objectives 2030 )
How we operate
In Italy we work to stop school drop-out and to guarantee women’s rights.
Against school drop out
Through Frequenza200, national program for quality inclusive education for everybody we have started several projects aimed to prevention and fight against school drop-out involving seven regions or metropolitan areas: Milan, Naples, Palermo (since 2012), Turin, Rome, Bari province (2014), Cagliari and province (2015). We are present in neighbourhoods characterized by socio-economic unfavourable situations and cultural and educational poverty, in areas where there is no opportunities for boys, girls, teenagers and adults.
The Frequenza200 centers are addressed to girls/boys and teen-agers aged between 8 and 16. The project foresees in every city a day center operating 5 afternoons a week with shared educational activities.
Inside the Centers we develop educational path foreseeing different typologies of intervention : personal capacity building through laboratory activities and orientation pathways , development of relationship with the family by the school with the aim of raising awareness of school drop-out prevention importance and to establish one educational community were all the players have their role.
In less than 4 years “Frequenza200” has involved 1549 girls, boys, teenagers enrolled in centres, 3.458 boys and girls interested in educational pathways realized in cooperation with schools , 780 women-mother, 1430 families, 180 operators ( dealers and other local public and private operators ) and 60 schools. By 2017 more than 6000 boys/girls will be involved in the program. Because of her territorial extension, Frequenza200 is one of the widest experiences of prevention and combat of educational poverty.
Frequenza200 is also a national network of awareness and political action on educational poverty and quality inclusion for everybody, comprising more than 20 stockholders , coordinated by WeWorld. She carries out studies and researches on these issues.
In 2014 has been completed and has been submitted to the Ministry of education, university and research the first national survey measuring the contribution of third sector on prevention and fight against school drop-out (LOST. School drop out. Cost to the community and role of schools and third sector). The survey has been carried out in association with G. Agnelli foundation and Bruno Trentin association. In 2014 in association with Bergamo University and publishing house Carocci, has been introduced also the new edition of Index for Inclusion (New Index for Inclusion 2014). In 2015 has been introduced a new survey on NEET’s phenomenon (GHOST . teenagers not in employment, education and training) which is often the final outcome of school drop out.
Research has been carried out in association with Social Coop La Grande Casa e CNCA, social Animation – Abele group and ANCI.
Results of survey on educational action performed in’Frequenza200 centres have been published in volumes of the series “Contact lenses” (“Lenti a contatto” ). These are texts concerning experiences of school drop-out prevention , actions against educational poverty and inclusive tested methodologies. The Frequenza200 network has promoted the first tool for quality measurement of schools and associations joint actions to prevent school drop out.
Fight against violence against women
To promote women’s rights, equal opportunities and protection of boys/girls we have started actions aimed to prevent and combat violence against women.
In order to help women victim of violence we opened the points of contact “SOStegno Donna” inside the emergency departments of some of the major Italian hospitals to guarantee medical, psychological and social care 24-hours seven days a week to the victims who receive immediately the required treatments safely from who abused of them.
The number of women victims of violence contacting the emergency departments is well above the number of women contacting Police, counselling centres, social services and voluntary services. Therefore the emergency department is the favoured place were highlight domestic violence and offer an adequate psycho-social support through relationship with local anti-violence network properly linked with the hospital. Our service is linked with the other players of local anti-violence network , police, courts, private and social women’s organizations, health districts.
In 2014 we have started the first “Spazio donna”, WeWorld centres for women aimed to highlight situations of social malaise and favour the reintegration and orientation to services of women affected or potentially affected from violence.
Centres are in the most difficult districts of Naples (Scampia and San Lorenzo) and Palermo (San Filippo Neri – Zen 2 and Borgo Vecchio) and Rome (San Basilio district). Inside these centres we have established special areas for kids to allow women to participate to the activities and at same time establish an observation area where trained operators can detect very unfavourable situations or even cases of violence witnessed and suffered.
In one year SOStegno Donna inside the hospital’s emergency departments can help more than 1000 women victims of violence and 600 women can be assisted in WeWorl centres for women.
Violence data are dramatic. For this reason we have organized surveys to collect the numbers of violence.
After the survey “How much the silence does cost ?, the first national survey on economic and social costs of violence against women carried out and published by WeWorld in 2013, in February-march 2014 we have performed a national tour involving 14 Italian cities (in 14 regions) during which we have met about 800 operators of local anti-violence networks. Results have been presented in Senate in the middle of May 2014 in the presence of parliamentarians and experts . In 2014-2015 have been carried out and presented in institutional forum 3 other surveys :” Rosa Shocking “ (2014) and “Rosa Shocking 2” (2015) on prejudice and gender stereotypes in our society detected through an opinion poll (carried out in cooperation with IPSOS) and on investments of civil society to prevent such phenomenon; “Rights against violence” , comparative survey on regional laws against gender violence to prevent and combat the phenomenon.