Shayna comes from a little village in Karnataka Nord known for the high number of girls belonging to the lower castes of society that become Devadasi (kind of prostitutes).
Her fate seemed already sealed. Her mother was a Devadasi and she saw no other future for his daughter.
However Shayna has found help in group called ““Sri Sollammadevi” supported by WeWorld Onlus where she was able to compare herself with other girls of same age. She has been informed that this system, which leads to prostitution, is against the law and is a violation of children’s rights.
Through the support of the group and the guide of social workers, Shayna has been able to undergo training on Office Manager, supported by us, and she got a job. Moreover she also decided to continue studying and enrolled at the university.
“I wish to become a teacher so that I can fight against Devadasi system for my student girls. My fate was already sealed, join the group “Sri Sollammadevi “ helped me to escape this nightmare. Now I am well aware of my strength and ability and I am able to protect myself. This has all been possible thanks to WeWorld Onlus”.
The situation in India
India is the world’s largest democracy and, according to UN estimates, its population is expected to overtake China’s in 2028 to become the world’s most populous nation. The upcoming election in 2019 count 900 million voters! As a rising economic powerhouse and nuclear-armed state, India has emerged as an important regional power.
But it is also tackling huge, social, economic and environmental problems. Home to some of the world’s most ancient surviving civilisations, the Indian subcontinent – from the mountainous Afghan frontier to the jungles of Burma and the coral reefs of the Indian Ocean – is both vast and varied in terms of people, language and cultural traditions.
India is one of the largest countries in the world with a population of almost 1,3 billion people (July 2018 est.), divided in 29 States and 7 administrative divisions with 20 officially recognized languages.
India ranks 130th out of 189 countries according to the Human development index 2016 (Italy ranks 28th). The HDI is a comparative index used in order to measure the welfare of a country, which is based on life expectancy rate, education rate and GNI per capita).
India is the country of contradiction: 3.9% of the population with obesity problem and 35.7 % of children under 5yo under weight; despite the consistent economic growth, 21,9 % of people live below the poverty line
The major challenges recognized as obstacles to India economic growth are: India’s discrimination against women and girls, high spending and poorly targeted subsidies, inadequate availability of quality basic and higher education, and accommodating rural-to-urban migration (annual rate of urbanization is 2,28% ). (Source: CIA World FactBook).
How we are intervening
WeWorld India Country program 2017 – 2020 focus its interventions in addressing the above weakness of the country with the aim to contribute to a long term sustainable inclusive growth by supporting the following actions:
- stop discrimination and violence against women and girls, a Social Work Intervention to build knowledge, skill and enforce law to end Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation in Mormugao, Taluka of South Goa – with our Partner ARZ based in Vasco (Goa): 5000 Children are gaining the capability with the support from 150 Service Provider and the community to prevent CSA /CSE;
- end of the Devadasi Dedication (DD) and Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (CSE/CSA) in North Karnataka with our partner Sneha based in Ballari District.: the cases of CSA (including child marriage) are going to drop from 28 to 5% among the 1000 Girls beneficiaries of the action;
- 100% of the children from migrant family from 6 villages in Gundulpete (South Karnataka) will attend school regularly by saying NO to drop out; a Tracking mechanism for migrant families will ensure the prevention of distress migration thanks to the mobilization of Gov. Schemes;
- the right to quality education and the right to learnt is ensured in 14 schools in Mysore district by developing a sustainable and collaborative approach putting emphasis on the role and responsibility of the Parent Teacher Meeting and the School Development Plan with with the field support of our partner RLHP.
A QUALITATIVE STUDY OF THE LEGAL DIMENSIONS OF ‘DEVADASI’ DEDICATION PHENOMENON – 2018 – Dr. Bincy Wilson, Ms. Shruthi Raman and Ms. Anuroopa Giliyal – CENTRE FOR CHILD AND THE LAW NATIONAL LAW SCHOOL OF INDIA UNIVERSITY NAGARBHAVI BENGALURU – sponsored by WeWorld.
The study attempted to identify the gaps in the current legislations prohibiting dedication, examine the application of these legislations and schemes, examine the types of violations and offences committed through the dedication of girls and women and assess the level of understanding of the stakeholders on the legal provisions, procedures and schemes to take action in cases related to dedication, CSA and CSE of children. This research paper and its findings will be use to sensitize government, the police and other state functionaries to this perennial crime against girls and women who face triple discrimination due to their caste, their class and their gender and some of them in addition due to their disabilities.
THE DEVADASI SYSTEM: SOCIAL CONTEXT, RESPONSES AND RESISTANCE – 2018 – Centre for Criminology and Justice School of Social Work Tata Institute of Social Sciences Mumbai – supported by WeWorld.
This study attempts to uncover the social context of the devadasi system in Bellary and Siruguppa talukas, located Bellary district in North Karnataka, India. In order to explore individual and community resistance to the devadasi system, the research extended itself to Vasco in Marmugoa taluka in Goa, India. Vasco was earlier known as a destination area for devadasi women exploited for commercial sex. The study explores the role and challenges faced by individuals, community, State and civil society organisations in preventing the devadasi system and facilitating supporting services like rescue and rehabilitation.]
INCIDENCE OF IN CHAMARAJANAGAR DISTRICT OF KARNATAKA AN ASSESSMENT IN 6 VILLAGES OF GUNDLUPET BLOCK CHILD MIGRATION -2017- Study conducted by Aide et Action with the field support of Rural Literacy & Health Program (RLHP) – and sponsored by WeWorld.
The objective of the assessment was to ascertain the incidence of labour migration from Chamrajnagar to the plantation sites in Kerala and to capture vulnerability of accompanying migrant children. The assessment reveals growing distress migration in Gundlupet block of Karnataka. People, mostly landless, small and marginal farmers, have adopted the option of migrating out as a coping up mechanism to the prevailing drought and employment insecurity in their villages. 47% of the family members migrate. Children constitute 40% of the total migrant population. And 22% of the children accompany their parents who are in the age group of 6-18 years. These children do not access any school at their migration places and lose interest in studies. Eventually these children get dropped out of school by the time they have reached higher class.