Bolivia is still one of the poorest countries in South America, with a Human Development Index and a GDP per capita that are kept low. The poverty rate is higher in rural areas where is occurring scarce employment opportunities, lacking in added value on peasant production, as well as the problematic nature regarding energy sources. In these areas, unlike the urban areas, only 55% of the territory is guaranteed access to energy. Of course the data adversely affects the quality of life. The Bolivian National Energy System (System Interconectado Nacional - SIN), given the high costs, is not extended to the most remote areas of the region. The project arises from requests for access to electricity by rural communities far from the SIN and the action is in line with the government priorities. The action aims to contribute to improving the quality of life and access to Climate Changeally sustainable electricity, to avoid gas carbon emissions and to mitigate climate change, constructing and employing small Hydroelectric Plants as instruments (MIC) with social and economic purposes. The action is implemented through a community approach of self-management and an approach to promoting in the beneficiary communities a sustainable electrical service from the Climate Changeal, financial, organizational and institutional viewpoints.