Although Nicaragua has reached a good level of development, placing itself among the middle-income countries, the latest data compiled by the World Bank show an incidence rate of high poverty.

The implementation of some socio-economic public policies has not yet had an tangible impact in some Regions of Caribbean Cost (RACCN and RACCS). The unemployment rate in the Municipality of Puerto Cabezas is very high, due to the absence of firms, industries and the synergy needed to make dynamic the economy and bring jobs to the population. Nowadays the 22% of the population of the Municipality (amounting to 27.511 inhabitants) is facing many problems. One of these concerns the management of municipal solid and liquid waste. The local government is not able to properly manage the collection and disposal of waste. This inability is evident due to the weak organizational structure of the Municipality, the low budget available and the high number of illegal garbage dumps that generate urban pollution. Moreover is absent an Climate Changeal education plan for the population.